This is very much like the cold war between Arabs and Israel. There is always a good reason not to be on talking terms. How do you look at the recent democratic transitions in Pakistan? Can we see some potential in the conflict torn country? Good elections no matter who wins are a necessary but not sufficient condition for normalization. Nawaz Sharif is very much in favor of normalization; there is no doubt about that. You have to persuade the rest of Pakistan to go along with him.
Most Pakistanis I have spoken to are in favor of good trade with India, they want free mobility across the border, and they want to do business with India. The army in Pakistan has veto power over policy on India. The army has, however, itself come around to the idea of doing business with India. There are some parts of Pakistan that are run by authoritarian leaders but on the whole Pakistan is moving in the direction of democracy.
Most Pakistanis want to see democracy. Army guys also want democracy, but effective democracy. But they cannot govern the country well, they know that.
Book/Printed Material, to , Foreign Relations, India, Pakistan | Library of Congress
How serious is the threat to Pakistan from jihadist elements? Do you feel it is existential? Not right now, but I am worried about the trend. If things go badly in Afghanistan in containing Islamic extremism, the contagion is going to spread to Pakistan, and if it goes badly in Pakistan it can spread to India. I do think there is going to be a new domino theory. The old theory was related to communism spreading from Vietnam and sweeping to the West.
The new domino theory says that Islamic terrorism spreads from one Islamic country to another.
Are you sure?
The tie between jihadis in Pakistan and jihadis in Afghanistan and the idea of defeating Americans are current among the Islamic groups. Pakistan is the number one target, then Afghanistan, then after that Indian Muslims would be the target. I think they exaggerate their strengths. You have quoted Indian leader Mani Shankar Aiyar as saying that both India and Pakistan can fight jihadi terrorism together.
Perspective: Shooting for a Century: The India-Pakistan Conundrum
Aiyar is one of the leading peace advocates. One thing that is common to both countries is that both are dealing with Islamic extremism. The problem in Pakistan is that on both sides of the street they are supporting the Taliban in Afghanistan. But this support for Islamic extremism has come back to haunt them; they now know that the tiger they were feeding has come to eat them.
Pakistan is debating this issue very intently. The Pakistani Taliban are the same people whom Islamabad was supporting in Afghanistan, and now they are the big threat to Pakistan itself. For Indians to say that there is no change in Pakistan is simple ignorance. There is a lot of change taking place in Pakistan and they are debating the issue very seriously.
Book Talk 10 – Shooting For a Century: The India-Pakistan Conundrum
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The citizenship question is off the census. Who wins? William H. As one Indian analyst wagged, hoping to make it someone else's problem, Pakistan ought to be encouraged to become a Middle Eastern country, if it would temper its obsession with India. However now that Pakistan is a nuclear power, given the growth of Islamic terrorism and keeping the Mumbai attacks in mind, there is a growing realization that Pakistan must if necessary be allowed to flourish, if only because the potential cost of it falling apart may be too high to deal with.
An excellent read that teaches new ways of seeing international relations.
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Oct 12, Karthick rated it really liked it. This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. India - Pakistan. These two words are enough to spark many debates and fights in both the countries. Both the countries view each other as hard core enemies. What is it to do with both the countries? How did the problem turn out to be such a grave issue?
Stephen P. Cohen looks into this issue in his recent book. The author starts the book looking at the context of how th India - Pakistan. The author starts the book looking at the context of how these two became separate countries. The partition was done by a Britisher who never had any idea of the area, civilization and people leading to a poor border. Kashmir, an area with majority Muslims, but ruled by a Hindu Ruler was taken by India and it has become a big issue right from the partition.
The author moves on to the conflicts between the states and how there are three types of issues that are mainly contributing to the conflicts. One is the visual disputes such as Kashmir, River Waters, etc. Other is the identity crisis in which the way people perceive about each other has caused lot of problems. India is considered as a giant which takes advantage and is considered to be a dominant Hindu oriented nation, while Pakistan is looked upon extreme Islamist.
The strategic location of the nations has been exploited by external countries for their strategic advantage. THe author next moves into chapters dealing with the perspectives of how Indians and Pakistanis think about each other.
They have always viewed each other as negative and has always taken all the chances to impose the same in their people's mindsets. The education system of both the countries are altered in such a way that History is never taught properly. He looks at the various sects of people in both the nations and how they consider the problem widely.
Nuclearization has not done major changes, but it has been a factor that has made responsible acts from both the Governments. There is always a chance of some irrational behaviour that would lead to nuclear war, though it is very low. The changing geopolitics such as Soviet Union collapse, rise of China, Afghan Terrorism has changed the way the external nations look at Pakistan and India.
They have always played a crucial part in extending the issue and never tried to help the nations bridge the gap. Pakistan is no longer a big threat to India with growing China and Pakistan doesn't look the same way with decreased Army dominance and increased terrorism in the western regions. Finally the author considers the prospects of the countries coming together. Though he says normalization may not come true, increased trade and mutual acceptance might come due to the increase in communication through Social Media and the changing views of the countries.
Stephen P. Cohen
He also wishes that USA plays a crucial role in helping the nations come together. Overall, it is a well researched book that explains the problem in all angles and from everyone's eyes. The book doesn't say what would happen in the future, but gives a clear picture of what are different possibilities and how things might turn up. It is a must read book, if you are interested in Geopolitics or if you are interested in knowing about how India Pakistan problem shaped up or would turn out in the future. Dec 23, Aziz Rehman rated it liked it.
I Think it is the best review of Hindo-Pak relations I ever read book is short and well prepprepared in small Headlines Stephen us master in diving book into small topics or headongs But I think there is some flaws in it 1 His commentary is mostly pro Indian may be because Indian policy is Ally of America 2 His commentry on Pakistan is very pessimistic As was shown in Future of Pakistan 3 He is in favour of strengthning Trade relationships which according to him would gave to good relations.
May 14, Shailender rated it liked it. History is well covered, however author's view on the contemporary status of Indo Pak relationship as well as future recommendations have been looked through the prism of US interest. Mona Mehra rated it it was amazing Sep 24, Khan rated it really liked it Jun 27, Saurabh rated it liked it Jun 01, Antony Joseph rated it really liked it Apr 13, Sep 15, Zee1 added it.
I was looking for a non biased account of the situation.. I don't think this is that. Viktorija rated it really liked it Jan 08, Alina Younis rated it really liked it Jul 07, Saddam Faiz rated it really liked it Oct 26, Shashank Singh rated it liked it Sep 01, Riza Kumar-Jaitly rated it really liked it Mar 27, Prithvi rated it liked it May 15, Arvind Munshi rated it liked it Nov 06, Santosh Cr rated it really liked it Nov 02, Felicia rated it liked it Sep 29, Brady Dodds rated it really liked it Jul 17, Atif rated it it was amazing Nov 16, Swami rated it really liked it Dec 03,